Ural Mountains of Russia

Ural Mountains of Russia

Dividing Russia into its European and Asian parts, the Ural Mountains are the backbone of the country. Full of valuable ores, coal, gold and precious gems, the Ural Mountains have long played an important part in Russia’s economy. The home of the ancient Bashkirs people, of Turkic origin, the Ural Mountains are comprised of pristine rivers and rugged, boreal forests.

View on taiga from Poliud mountain. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

Ural Mountains of Russia Videos: Here is a beautiful 1.5-minute video featuring an overview of these rugged, forested mountains. Here is an equally beautiful 3-minute video featuring similar footage.

FunFacts about the Ural Mountains of Russia: (Source)

  • Basic information, quote: The Ural Mountains, or simply the Urals, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan. The mountain range forms part of the conventional boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia. (Source)
  • The Ural Mountains continue into the Arctic Ocean as part of Vaygach Island and the islands of Novaya Zemlya. They extend about 2,500 km (1,600 mi) from the Kara Sea to the Kazakh Steppe.
  • View of the Vishera river from the Vetlan cliff. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

    Since the 18th century, the Ural Mountains have contributed to Russia’s economy. The mountains are rich in minerals, coal deposits and precious stones.

  • One legend of the naming of the Ural Mountains, quote: From the 13th century, in Bashkortostan there has been a legend about a hero named Ural. He sacrificed his life for the sake of his people and they poured a stone pile over his grave, which later turned into the Ural Mountains. (Source)
  • The ancient Bashkirs were known to reside on the western slopes of the Ural Mountains as early as the 7th century AD and today live on the eastern side of the Urals as well. Bashkirs now also reside in Kazakhstan and other countries.
  • Since the 10th century AD, Mideastern geographers knew of the Ural Mountains. Russian documents mention the Urals around the 11th century. But the mountains didn’t become firmly established in Western geography until the middle of the 1500’s.
  • During the 17th century, the first deposits of iron, copper, mica, gemstones and other minerals were discovered in the Urals. Iron and copper smelting works proliferated. In 1745, gold was discovered and has been mined ever since.
  • In 1878, the first railway crossed the Urals.
  • The railway completed in 1890 that linked Ufa and Chelyabinsk became part of the Trans-Siberian Railway in 1896.
  • The highest peak of the Urals is Mount Narodnaya (elevation 1,895 m or 6,217 ft).
  • The Urals are one of the oldest mountain ranges in the world.
  • The Ural forests are inhabited by animals typical of Siberia, such as elk, brown bear, fox, wolf, wolverine, lynx, squirrel, and sable.
  • The Ural forest composition, quote: The western areas are dominated by dark coniferous taiga forests. The eastern mountain slopes have light coniferous taiga forests. The Northern Urals are dominated by conifers, namely Siberian fir, Siberian pine, Scots pine, Siberian spruce, Norway spruce and Siberian larch, as well as by silver and downy birches. The forests are much sparser in the Polar Urals. The forests of the Southern Urals are the most diverse in composition: here, together with coniferous forests are also abundant broadleaf tree species such as English oak, Norway maple and elm. (Source)
  • Virgin Komi Forests in the northern Urals are recognized as a World Heritage site.

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(Unless otherwise designated, today’s photos are from Pixabay ~ Pixabay is a free site, so feel free to share, pin and enjoy these wonderful photos. Any photo designated as coming from Deposit Photos has been purchased and is subject to copyright law.)

Bashkortostan, Russia. The White river in the southern Ural mountains at sunset. Deposit Photos

View of the Vishera river from the Vetlan cliff. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

View of taiga in the Kvarkush plateau. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

View on taiga from Poliud mountain. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

Subpolar Ural mountains, view from mountain Narodnaya. Deposit Photos

Bashkortostan, Russia. The White river in the southern Ural mountains at sunrise. Deposit Photos

Mountain pines grow on slopes of mountains. Deposit Photos

View on taiga from Poliud mountain. Perm Krai. Russia. Deposit Photos

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29 thoughts on “Ural Mountains of Russia

  1. Love the beautiful pictures! Ural mountains look like it would be a nice area to go hiking in. I didn’t realize that the Ural Mountains continue into the Arctic Ocean.

  2. Somehow when we speak of Russia, my mind conjures u[ a snowy desolate wilderness with no end in sight! I guess that has been what our movie makers have lead us to think. Here we see that these mountains are beautiful and not always snow covered. Thank you for enlightening me. Looks like lovely country.

  3. Just breathtaking. I love the photo of the river and mountains at sunset. I hope to someday go camping/hiking in the Ural Mountains.

  4. Just so awesome – what a beautiful place. Looks so untouched and pristine. Wouldn’t mind visiting there Just amazing. AZ

  5. Living in the USA, you do not get to learn mush about this part of the world. What beautiful scenery, I would love to see them in person.

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